The US State Department has announced that it will tighten travel restrictions for foreigners visiting the country without the need for full visas.
About 20 million people from 38 countries enter the United States each year under the VWP.
The move has come under tighter scrutiny since last month’s attacks in Paris, with lawmakers voicing concerns that the fighters could enter the United States.
According to the changes that will be introduced in Congress, all parties in the scheme will be asked to issue “electronic passports”.
Their registrations will be subject to greater scrutiny by US agencies, and passengers will also be checked to see if they have traveled to areas detained by militants.
The Department of Homeland Security will also ask Congress for additional powers, including increasing fines for airlines that fail to verify passport data.
The changes will “strengthen our ability to thwart terrorist attempts with lost or stolen passports,” White House spokesman Josh Ernest told reporters in Paris, where President Barack Obama was attending UN climate change talks.
Currently, the visa waiver program allows people from certain countries to visit the United States for a 90-day stay without a visa.
Several of the suspected perpetrators of the terrorist attacks in Paris are from Belgium and France, which are countries on the list.